Climate and transformation fund overturned by the Constitutional Court: The reclassification of coronavirus loans as climate loans is unconstitutional, the judges in Karlsruhe ruled. This tears a hole in the budget of the traffic light government. Economics Minister Habeck in particular needs to replan The Climate and Transformation Fund (KTF) was intended to make Germany’s economy greener and more sustainable. And all while complying with the debt brake. At least that was the plan of Economics Minister Robert Habeck, who reorganised the special fund for this purpose just last year – and, above all, topped it up with unused loans from the coronavirus crisis. This alone increased the pot by 60 billion euros. And because the KTF is a special fund that is not counted towards the debt brake, Federal Finance Minister Christian Lindner was able to plan his budget around it. Practical. A black zero despite new debt. Following the judgement, Habeck warned of an exodus of German industry. The judgement would hit German industry particularly hard. He believes the competitiveness of industry is at risk. „The Climate and Transformation Fund is a fund to secure value creation and jobs. It is industrial and jobs policy,“ said the Green politician. The KTF was supposed to finance the switch to green chemistry, the ramp-up of hydrogen, battery cell production and semiconductor manufacturing. „If this is jeopardised, jobs and value creation are at risk. The migration of industry harms our country and society.“ German companies are on the path to transformation. „But they need support to invest in our country.“ Matthias Miersch, deputy leader of the SPD parliamentary group, warns against plugging the billion-euro gaps following the Karlsruhe climate fund judgement with a higher carbon price. „An exploding carbon price is an AfD stimulus programme,“ said Miersch, adding that the German government must now clarify as quickly as possible how the planned projects for climate protection and the expansion of renewables can be reliably and steadily financed in the future. Today’s judgement has an impact on the entire climate protection and energy policy: For example, the financing of the hydrogen ramp-up, electromobility and relief measures for industry are affected. Our industry needs long-term investment security,“ says Kerstin Andrae, Chairwoman of the BDEW Executive Board. manager-magazin.de, regionalheute.de (Miersch), capital.de , bdew.de , fr.de (jeopardised projects)
Major health crisis due to climate change: Experts point out the health consequences of the climate crisis with drastic figures. Even if the rise in the global average temperature remained just under two degrees compared to pre-industrial times, the number of global heat-related deaths would increase by 370 per cent by the middle of the century, write the authors of the „Lancet Countdown on health and climate change“. 114 international experts led by Marina Romanello from University College London (UK) have published the report in the scientific journal „The Lancet“. According to the report, people around the world are now exposed to twice as many days of extreme heat as in the period from 1986 to 2005, which is particularly life-threatening for young children and the elderly. The number of heat-related deaths of people over the age of 65 has recently risen by 85 per cent compared to the years 1991 to 2000. „Doing nothing will cost us dearly. We cannot afford to be so inactive – the price is human lives,“ said Romanello according to a press release. sueddeutsche.de
Only 14 per cent of companies achieve climate targets
Only 14 per cent of companies worldwide have reported reducing their emissions in line with their climate targets in the last five years. This is three percentage points less than in 2022, with many of the companies surveyed citing difficult economic conditions and capital constraints as the reasons. rnd.de
EU Commission extends glyphosate authorisation: There was no common position among the EU countries for the further authorisation of glyphosate. The EU Commission was therefore able to make a decision – and announced an extension for a further ten years. The EU Commission has announced the re-authorisation of glyphosate for a further ten years. However, there will be new conditions and restrictions. Previously, not enough representatives of the EU member states had spoken out in favour of or against the continued use of the product in an EU appeals committee. The vote required a qualified majority of 15 of the 27 EU countries to either support or block the proposal. A month ago, the countries were already unable to come to a clear decision. tagesschau.de , capital.de
Reinsurers are withdrawing from insuring climate damage: Many insurance companies have long warned of the consequences of the climate crisis and are increasingly withdrawing from insuring climate damage. At the same time, fossil fuel companies are still being insured to a large extent. More and more reinsurers are finding this cover too risky. The French reinsurer SCOR has reduced its capacity to cover natural catastrophes, while the US company AIG has ended its reinsurance business with natural catastrophes. Overall, the capital for reinsurance of natural catastrophes fell by 20 to 22 per cent in 2022. Munich Re, on the other hand, like others, has announced a short-term expansion of its natural catastrophe business at higher prices. However, the environmental and human rights organisation urgewald and the international NGO network Insure our Future warn that reinsurers‘ models for assessing the risk of climate damage have repeatedly failed in recent years. energiezukunft.de
The economy is rethinking climate protection: Germany wants to be climate neutral by 2045. There are just over two decades left to achieve this. The urgency of the necessary transformation is also being recognised by companies in this country. This is shown by the current „KfW Climate Barometer“. The promotional bank surveyed 50,000 companies in the first half of the year and 11,500 responded, including all large companies. A clear majority of around 60 per cent of the companies surveyed now support the target year of 2045. However, according to the KfW Barometer, only a few companies have a concrete plan for implementing climate neutrality in their own business operations. klimareporter.de
EU agrees concrete requirements for methane emissions for the first time: The EU has pledged to reduce its methane emissions by 30 per cent by 2030. However, there have been no concrete EU regulations for the harmful greenhouse gas to date. This is now changing, at least for one sector. Methane is the second most important greenhouse gas. This is now set to change, at least for the energy sector. Negotiators from the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers reached a compromise on the EU Methane Regulation on Wednesday night, which aims to reduce emissions from the extraction and transport of oil, gas and coal. The EU wants to send a signal ahead of the international climate conference in Dubai at the end of November that it is serious about the commitment it made in Glasgow in 2021 to reduce methane emissions by 30 per cent by 2030 compared to 2020. faz.net
Prison for environmental crimes: Last Thursday, the EU Parliament and the member states agreed on a new directive that stipulates prison sentences of up to ten years for the worst environmental crimes. The fines will also be painful. Negotiations on the European Commission’s proposal to combat environmental crime, which was presented in December 2021, were concluded on Thursday evening with an agreement between the European Parliament and the EU Member States. euractiv.de , Commission proposal
BOOK TIP OF THE WEEK:
Gift und Wahrheit
How corporations and politicians abuse their power to silence environmental activists
1,372 fruit growers, two fruit companies, the farmers‘ association and the provincial government in South Tyrol file criminal charges against the author and filmmaker Alexander Schiebel for criticising the use of pesticides in the region. The ensuing trial is regarded as Germany’s best-known SLAPP trial – SLAPP stands for Strategic Lawsuit Against Public Participation: court cases with which the powerful from politics and business around the world try to silence activists.
Schiebel tells the story of the perfidious methods used by a powerful agricultural lobby to maintain its devastating model of „agriculture against nature“ in a thrilling thriller. The unequal battle, which became known
as the „South Tyrolean pesticide trial“, is a blueprint that shows how the little David can succeed in defeating the big Goliath.
A book that gives courage – and a stirring appeal not to give in in the fight against environmental destruction. Because there is nothing else at stake but the future of our planet. oekom.de
Climate Adaptation Act in the Bundestag: Germany adapts. taz.de
Climate researchers certain: 1.5 degree limit will be exceeded for decades.stern.de
Environment and human rights: Is the supply chain law working? dlf.de
Climate protection: Efforts too low worldwide.zeit.de
Climate justice: The new „Adaptation Index“ from the aid organisation Bread for the World shows how fairly or unfairly climate adaptation funds are distributed to countries in the global South. klimareporter.de
PepsiCo: Charged with plastic waste. spiegel.de
The seventeen goals magazine tells inspiring stories about how people move the world and shows how everyone can make a contribution to achieving the sustainability goals.
PODCAST OF THE WEEK:
Why we need to talk about CO2 storage
Oil and gas producers want to greenwash their business with CO2 storage facilities. But the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is also counting on technical CO2 storage facilities. IPCC author Oliver Geden explains why we need them.
When the World Climate Change Conference begins in Dubai at the end of November, CO2 storage will be a major topic. This is because the world’s oil and gas producers, including the host United Arab Emirates, want to give their fossil fuel business a climate-friendly makeover by capturing and storing CO2. This is classic greenwashing, but in fact we in Germany also need to focus much more on the issue of technical CO2 storage than we have done so far. Because without this technology, we will not achieve our goal of climate neutrality by 2045, says Oliver Geden.tagesspiegel.de
COMMENT OF THE WEEK:
Loss of significance for the debt brake
by Dr Christian Rath
… It is reported that the Climate and Transformation Fund will have to be allocated a sum of around 20 billion in the 2024 financial year in order to fulfil its obligations. Federal policymakers now have many options: It can either reduce the tasks of the Climate Fund or it can inject new capital into it. This new capital can either be cut in the normal budget (for example in social benefits or aid for Ukraine) or taxes can be increased or the Bundestag can decide on new debt. Taking on new debt is not the last resort, but an equally important option, the court clarified – provided it is a matter of an emergency situation and the elimination of its consequences.
The federal government’s initial reaction was clearly only aimed at gaining time. A budget freeze was imposed on the Climate and Transformation Fund, otherwise the process for drawing up the 2024 federal budget will continue unaffected – as if 20 billion euros were not missing in the coming year. However, the coalition probably just wants to avoid panic and controversy for the time being, and the legal defeat should not be exacerbated by political confusion. The budget freeze will probably be lifted again soon, after all the coalition does not want to send out the wrong signals when it comes to transforming the economy. And a decision on how to cover expenditure will then be made next year, in a supplementary budget. There is still more than a year to do so. We learnt today that supplementary budgets for 2024 can no longer be passed until 2025. lto.de
Green Party leader Omid Nouripour is calling for more tax benefits for e-mobility: „We want there to be even greater tax advantages for the switch to electric mobility,“ says Green Party leader Omid Nouripour in an interview with ADAC. However, the company car privilege should not be abolished in Germany, but rather reformed in favour of e-mobility. He also assumes that electric cars will no longer be more expensive than combustion models by the end of the decade. Nouripour rejects the abolition of the company car privilege demanded by many, i.e. ultimately the favourable private use of company vehicles. „Company cars make up a significant proportion of the car population in Germany, and they are correspondingly important for our industry,“ the Green Party leader points out. Like Federal Transport Minister Volker Wissing (FDP), he also points to the downstream effect of company cars on the used car market. And this is precisely why an even stronger preference for electric company cars would be expedient. elektroauto-news.net
E-mobility conquers the world’s oceans: even if the project still seems small. Following a successful test phase, series production of the Candela P-12 is starting – a versatile 12 metre long passenger ferry with electric drive and hydrofoil technology. autoundwirtschaft.at
Zukunft Fahrrad calls for a strategy for mobility and the mobility industry: The bicycle industry is central to climate-friendly mobility. The industry association Zukunft Fahrrad is therefore calling for a new government strategy for mobility and the associated economy. Ulrich Prediger, CEO of Zukunft Fahrrad: „The bicycle industry is the industry of the future and is just as essential for the transformation of the mobility industry in Germany as the modern bicycle is for a sustainable transport transition. What is urgently needed now is a forward-looking strategy developed by the federal government together with the industry to develop and strengthen the bicycle industry in Germany and the EU.“ For example, there is great potential for so-called „re- and nearshoring“, i.e. the relocation of production facilities for bicycles and components to Europe, which creates jobs and makes Germany and Europe more independent. The EU and other European countries such as France and the Netherlands have already embarked on this path and launched broad-based support programmes. sazbike.de
Mobility of the future: The travelling suitcase for city commuters. kleinezeitung.at
More Packstations, more climate protection? According to Deutsche Post, the Packstations should have a positive effect on the climate: „Climate protection also plays a major role because we save a third of CO2 compared to traditional doorstep delivery. We can deliver up to 100 parcels in one journey from the machine.“ tagesschau.de
BMW’s problems with Moroccan supplier cast a dark shadow over e-mobility: Sustainable supply chains for raw materials such as cobalt are almost impossible to establish for the automotive industry. A BMW supplier in Morocco is accused of massive environmental damage. Specifically, this concerns a cobalt mine in Bou Azzer, around 150 kilometres south-east of the Moroccan metropolis of Marrakesh. According to an investigation by the Süddeutsche Zeitung newspaper and the TV stations WDR and NDR, local residents and current and former employees of the mine are reporting massive health and safety violations. According to the report, large-scale environmental pollution is also said to have occurred. derstandard.at
Federal government plans 9,700 kilometres of hydrogen core network: The federal government is pressing ahead with plans for a hydrogen pipeline network. A 9,700 kilometre network is to be created by 2032. The federal government wants to advance the costs of 19.8 billion euros. The plans for a German hydrogen network are becoming more concrete. A 9,700 kilometre-long so-called core network is to be created by 2032, said Federal Minister of Economics Robert Habeck at the presentation of the plans in Berlin. The hydrogen core network, which the Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Association of Transmission System Operators (FNB) showed in a route map, will connect ports, industry, storage facilities and power plants. According to the FNB, the costs will amount to 19.8 billion euros. The network would not have to be built from scratch. A good 60 per cent of existing natural gas pipes could be used. According to FNB CEO Thomas Gößmann, the first hydrogen should flow in 2025. „We know that we have no time to lose. The excavators have to roll next year.“ tagesschau.de
German-Danish hydrogen pipeline: The Danish and German transmission system operators (TSOs) Energinet and Gasunie have reached an agreement to connect their planned hydrogen networks with a 550 km cross-border pipeline from 2028. The TSOs originally announced the plan back in March. On Thursday, an agreement was reached on measures to complete the pipeline by 2028 and coordinate the development of their respective hydrogen systems, the TSOs announced in a joint statement. In order to support the energy transition in Europe, an open, cross-border connection for the production, storage and consumption of hydrogen should be created, the network operators said. montelnews.com
Dirty seawater becomes clean hydrogen: researchers at the University of Cambridge in the UK have presented a device with special capabilities: It floats and transforms polluted water into hydrogen and clean water. The energy for these processes is provided by photovoltaics. ingenieur.de
Green hydrogen – Raffinerie Heide cancels pioneering project: The three companies Raffinerie Heide, Ørsted Deutschland and Hynamics Deutschland will not be building a so-called electrolyser. This was announced by the alliance of companies on Thursday. More than three years ago, they joined forces to form „H2 Westküste GmbH“ in order to build a plant for the production of green hydrogen as part of the „Reallabor Westküste 100“ project. This was to be built on the site of the industrial plant in Hemmingstedt (Dithmarschen district). According to a press release from the three companies, the main reason for the now announced decision against the 30 megawatt plant is the high construction costs. ndr.de
Fraunhofer test: hydrogen combustion engines run more quietly than diesel. The measurements were carried out with a Keyou prototype lorry with a hydrogen engine – and the results were clear. logistra.de
Wüst emphasises the importance of the Netherlands for the NRW economy: North Rhine-Westphalia needs the Netherlands in order to obtain enough hydrogen for the planned transformation of the industry – for example as a transit country. On Tuesday, King Willem-Alexander visited the neighbouring federal state – and found out about hydrogen projects. „We need to build a cross-border infrastructure for transport and storage as quickly as possible,“ said the King at a lunch in Gladbeck, according to the speech text published by the royal family. „If we want to make decisive progress together, we must take care of the grid connections between our two countries.“ The Netherlands is very pleased that North Rhine-Westphalia also recognises the urgency of this task. He hopes that the first interconnectors between Germany and the Netherlands will be a reality in spring 2027. westfalen-blatt.de
LAST WEEK IN THE BUNDESTAG:
Union warns: Do not counteract climate protection at national level: The CDU/CSU attests to the German government’s modest mid-term climate protection record. In their motion (20/9316) „Further strengthening climate protection internationally and not thwarting it nationally“, the members of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group call on the Federal Government to continue to work in close coordination within Europe to ensure that the parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change cooperate better in the face of massive global challenges and conflicts and make more efforts to limit climate change; to swiftly adopt the Federal Government’s foreign climate policy strategy and reactivate the Climate Cabinet; and to continue to advocate global emissions trading with a global CO2 price in upcoming negotiations. Among other demands, the MPs call on the government to maintain the binding nature of the Climate Protection Act (20/8290), with the obligation to readjust after missing an annual target, to refrain from gutting the Climate Protection Act by postponing reduction obligations to the next legislative period and thus to ensure a reliable path to climate neutrality in 2045. The market-based instrument of carbon pricing, including social compensation, should be given a prominent role in this regard, and a climate protection programme that complies with the law must be presented immediately.
Hoffmann: Mid-term review of the 2030 Agenda cause for concern: The mid-term review of the 2030 Agenda, which took place at the UN Sustainable Development Forum from 10 to 19 July 2023 and at the SDG Summit on 18 and 19 September 2023, is cause for concern. Bettina Hoffmann (Alliance 90/The Greens), Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection, made this clear to the Parliamentary Advisory Council on Sustainable Development on Wednesday evening. The implementation of the 2030 Agenda has stalled, she said. In his special report on the status of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the UN Sustainable Development Forum, UN Secretary-General António Guterres once again emphasised this very clearly and called for more to be done. „Personally, I am concerned that we are nowhere near where we want to be with our goals in many areas and are even heading in the opposite direction in some cases,“ said Hoffmann. more at bundestag.de
The infrastructure is „made by men for men“: Kenyan urban planner and consultant for sustainable mobility, Cyprine Odada, called for greater consideration of the needs of women in urban and transport planning projects in the Development Committee on Wednesday morning. Numerous studies have shown that they use transport routes differently to men because in Africa, in addition to their jobs, they also predominantly look after children and the household, she said in the public session. Women were more likely than men to make short journeys, primarily on foot or by public transport. However, the infrastructure is „made by men for men“, Odada judged. Many pavements are too narrow for pushchairs, for example, and paths are not lit or insufficiently lit in the evening, making them unsafe for women. Because women have to use public transport more often, it is more expensive for them, and there are too many places to hold on to things. „If the transport system does not address gender issues, it can be a matter of life and death or lead to women drifting into poverty or being unable to escape it,“ emphasised Obada, who is also involved in the United Nations Housing and Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat). She called for public funding for infrastructure measures to be made dependent on them being gender-sensitive. To this end, gender-specific objectives would have to be defined in urban and transport planning. more at bundestag.de
Left Party addresses sustainability of federal data centres: The energy efficiency and sustainability of federal data centres with regard to their climate impact is the subject of a minor interpellation (20/9106) by the parliamentary group Die Linke. Among other things, it wants to know what the federal government has done to eliminate the „unchanged lack of transparency regarding the sustainability“ of the data centres used by the federal government, according to the parliamentary group asking the question. It also asks how the Federal Government explains the increase in electricity consumption at the data centres and which data centres have been awarded the Blue Angel eco-label.
The Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans are connected by global ocean currents, which means that plastic can be transported from the Pacific to the Atlantic and vice versa. There are certainly certain differences, but in the end they are simply all very heavily littered. However, the Mediterranean – which is actually our home sea in Europe – is the most polluted sea. We have the highest numbers of microplastics there in a global comparison.
Roman Lehner, Scientific Project Manager & Co-Founder of the Bern-based research institute Sail & Explore. The main reason is that there are only two inlets and outlets – the Strait of Gibraltar and the Suez Canal. These are two relatively narrow straits. We also have the very complex geography of the Mediterranean. Just think of all the small islands in the Mediterranean, for example in Greece and Italy. These lead to a current pattern in which plastic accumulates strongly and can no longer actually leave the Mediterranean. There are also many rivers that transport plastic from the land into the Mediterranean. And we have an extremely high number of tourists, over 300 million people a year, who spend their holidays in the Mediterranean. They consume products that are often packaged in single-use plastic and – if not properly disposed of – often end up in the sea. taz.de
Congo: In most of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the election campaign is entering the hot phase. At the same time, there is renewed firing in the east. Last weekend, several military operations began in eastern Congo, targeting the M23 rebels. The 23 March Movement controls a large swathe of land along the border with Rwanda in the eastern Congolese province of North Kivu around the trading town of Goma and is supported by Rwanda, according to UN investigations. taz.de
Kenya could lose up to 7.25 per cent of its GDP to climate change, according to the World Bank: Kenya could lose up to 7.25 per cent of its economic output by 2050 if it does not take strong action to adapt to climate change and mitigate its effects, the World Bank said on Friday. Like other so-called frontier economies, the East African country has suffered from the effects of global warming in recent years, including prolonged droughts. „By 2050, inaction on climate change could lead to a decline in real GDP of 3.61 to 7.25 per cent,“ the World Bank said in a new publication titled Kenya Country Climate and Development Report. reuters.com
Somalia: The extreme drought is now being followed by floods in Somalia. The United Nations is warning of a flood of the century that could jeopardise more than 1.6 million people in the country plagued by civil war. More than 30 people have drowned in Somalia in recent days, according to the authorities in the country, which is plagued by civil war and famine. Since the rainy season began in East Africa in October, numerous rivers in the Horn of Africa have burst their banks, destroying bridges, houses and roads. Around half a million people have had to flee their homes. n-tv.de
Liberia: International companies want to lease huge areas of forest in Africa in order to generate CO2 certificates. In Liberia, the government is rejoicing. But the villagers don’t understand what’s going on. nzz.ch
Madagascar: From calm to storm. Madagascar’s President Andry Rajoelina promised stability and development. Nothing has remained of this and violence is escalating during the election campaign. ipg-journal.de
Mali: After a decade, this is a real surprise. The Malian armed forces (Fama) have announced that they have recaptured the town of Kidal in the north of the country. Kidal, where around 30,000 people live, is small but highly symbolic. It was the stronghold of the Tuareg rebels. The Malian state never regained real control of the town after the most recent Tuareg rebellion in 2011 and 2012. It finally fell into the hands of the rebels in 2014 after a visit by the then Prime Minister Moussa Mara. taz.de
Services of general interest in times of crisis: Whether it’s the climate crisis, housing shortages or sluggish digitalisation – it always affects basic services for local people, services of general interest. The necessity of services of general interest is quickly invoked, but what characterises this undefined legal term? In principle, it is about providing „essential“ services reliably at affordable prices and in sufficient quality and quantity. Currently, objectives such as the equivalence of living conditions and ecological and economic sustainability are also included in the catalogue of objectives – with the result that the likelihood of conflicts between non-complementary objectives will increase. The question of the areas of responsibility for services of general interest is also not trivial, as it is an undefined legal term. In this respect, it is not surprising that very different tasks are sometimes subsumed under this term and that the term quickly degenerates into an empty shell without any theoretical knowledge potential or practical orientation for action. fr.de
Artificial intelligence records biodiversity: How can the species community of animals in a tropical forest be recorded? Researchers see one possibility in the use of artificial intelligence, which automatically analyses sound data from the text areas. The team has set up autonomous sound recorders in abandoned pastures and former cocoa plantations in northern Ecuador. Artificial intelligence (AI) is to recognise how the species communities of birds, amphibians and mammals are composed and develop on the abandoned areas. „The results show that the sound data is an excellent reflection of the return of biodiversity on abandoned agricultural land,“ says Professor Jörg Müller from Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, who led the study. tierwelt.ch
Mini animals in the water promote the formation of nanoplastics: plastic waste lies and floats everywhere on earth, in arctic regions as well as in the deep sea and on mountain peaks. There are many ways in which it enters the environment: discarded plastic waste reaches the oceans via rivers and lakes. Finer pieces are washed into the sewage system by rain or dispersed by the wind. Larger pieces of plastic in the sea crumble into smaller and smaller pieces over the years. In a study, scientists have now discovered tiny animals that play a greater role in this process than previously assumed: Rotifers. The researchers report in the journal „Nature Nanotechnology“ that just one of these multicellular organisms, which are up to 0.5 millimetres in size and live exclusively in water, can produce more than 350,000 plastic nanoparticles every day. Spiegel Online has more on this
Climate protection and mountain sports: How the Alpine Club wants to save CO2. br.de
Employees: Doubts about their employers‘ climate targets. welt.de
The world’s plastic addiction: „Rubbish always looks for the cheapest hole“. focus.de
Consultation on the federal budget for the 2024 financial year
Time: Tuesday, 21 November 2023, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.
At its 65th meeting on 15 November 2023, the Budget Committee unanimously decided to hold a public hearing on 21 November 2023, from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., on the
- Draft law on the adoption of the federal budget for the 2024 financial year (BT-Drs. 20/7800) and on the
- Draft Budget Financing Act (BT-Drs. 20/8298)
to be held.
The hearing will be held digitally (webex) and broadcast on parliamentary television.
Fill up once! But with what? Electric, hydrogen and e-fuel in the future check
Time: Thursday, 23 November 2023, 19:00 – 21:00
Venue: Futurium, Berlin Mitte, Alexanderufer 2, 10117 Berlin
With RANGA YOGESHWAR & MAXIMILIAN FICHTNER
Electric drives are currently widespread and appear to be an environmentally friendly and efficient option. Hydrogen drives are said to offer fast refuelling and a long range. E-fuels, on the other hand, are considered climate-neutral in their production, but are currently still very expensive at four euros per litre.
Germany has set itself the goal of playing a leading role in electromobility. The sales figures for electric cars have risen accordingly, not least due to government incentives such as the purchase premium for these vehicles. At the same time, investments are being made in the research and development of hydrogen technology, while support for e-fuels is more restrained due to their energy-intensive production.
Far removed from any political calculations, we want to discuss on a scientific basis which of the three forms of propulsion is a realistic option for the cars of the future. Put your questions to the experts and find out more about the car of the future: Are purely electric cars really the better solution than vehicles with fuel cells and hydrogen drive systems?
28th World Climate Conference 2023 (COP 28)
Start: 30 Nov 2023
End: 12 Dec 2023
Location: Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE)
South Korea: Mobile robots will be considered pedestrians in road traffic in future
While companies in other countries are scaling back the development of mobile robots for delivering parcels and food, for example, South Korea is increasing the incentive to develop such robots and get them on the road quickly by generally opening up road transport to them. To this end, the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE) of South Korea, together with the National Police Agency, has amended the law on intelligent robots. From 17 November 2023, companies will be allowed to carry out delivery and patrol services with mobile robots on the road. However, a number of rules must be observed and hurdles overcome. heise.de
All images, unless otherwise stated: pixabay.com
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