to the German edition
Shutdown of nuclear power plants is final: Saturday was the day. The era of nuclear energy in Germany is over. Shortly before midnight, the last three nuclear power plants, Isar 2, Neckarwestheim 2 and Emsland, went off the grid. Opponents of nuclear power celebrated the historic step. The last three nuclear power plants in Germany have ended their electricity production. The Emsland reactor in Lingen, Lower Saxony, Isar 2 in Bavaria and Neckarwestheim 2 in Baden-Württemberg were taken off the grid before midnight as scheduled. This was announced by the operators RWE, PreussenElektra and EnBW. Nevertheless, the peaceful use of nuclear energy in Germany remains a topic of discussion. According to Bavarian Prime Minister Markus Söder, he would like to continue operating nuclear power plants such as the shut-down Isar 2 nuclear power plant under the responsibility of the state. To this end, he demands that the federal government amend the Atomic Energy Act. „Bavaria is therefore demanding that the federal government give the federal states their own responsibility for the continued operation of nuclear power. As long as the crisis (in energy supply due to the Ukraine war) has not ended and the transition to renewables has not succeeded, we must use every form of energy until the end of the decade,“ he said . Bavaria is ready for this, he said. Whether the decision to phase out nuclear power is right or wrong, the Greens did not make it. In 2011, the then black-yellow coalition initiated the nuclear phase-out. The switch to renewable energy had been announced by Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) at a press conference in 2011. tagesschau.de, faz.net (Söder), Merkel press conference
Tough negotiations and haggling of the G7 environment ministers: The energy and environment ministers of the G7 countries have continued their discussion on curbing global warming in Sapporo, in northern Japan. Among other things, the talks are about the more or less ambitious commitments of individual states with regard to fossil fuels – a controversial topic on which there are major differences. Against the backdrop of the Ukraine war, it is disputed how and how fast carbon dioxide emissions should be brought down in order to maintain energy security. „We face the challenge of pushing forward reforms to address climate change (…) while ensuring energy security,“ Economy Minister Yasutoshi Nishimura told ministers at the start of the meeting. The US President’s climate envoy, John Kerry, said on the sidelines of the meeting that the G7 was in a strong position to take a leadership role in climate change efforts. But differences remain over how and how fast to end carbon emissions, especially at a time when the war in Ukraine has heightened concerns about energy security, complicating those efforts. At least on the issue of plastic waste, agreement has now been reached: There is to be no more plastic waste by 2040.euronews.com , srf.ch
…of German companies had established remuneration criteria for management that are based on ESG indicators by 2021. This is understood to be the triad of environmental protection (environmental), social and human rights (social) and good corporate governance. France, on the other hand, is the European pioneer in the implementation of sustainable remuneration criteria: 82 percent of public limited companies with headquarters in France had already introduced corresponding indicators for their management in 2021. manager-magazin.de
„De facto failure of the southern region“ – expansion of renewables continues to falter: The German Wind Energy Association recognises a north-south divide in the expansion of renewable energies. According to a preliminary evaluation by the German Wind Energy Agency (Fachagentur-Windenergie), Bavaria, the largest federal state in terms of area, is currently on a par with Baden-Württemberg in terms of wind energy expansion, with 5 completed wind turbines in the first quarter of the year. However, other federal states with a larger area would have erected far more turbines in the same period: Brandenburg 17, Rhineland-Palatinate 7 and North Rhine-Westphalia 14. The front-runners were Schleswig-Holstein with 29 and Lower Saxony with 22 turbines. Nationwide, 117 new turbines with a capacity of more than 546 megawatts were added during this period – a total increase of 17 per cent according to the specialist agency. heise.de
Potential in the expansion of solar energy is not being used: The expansion of solar energy is progressing rapidly – on residential buildings and open fields. However, one potential is not being used: the roofs of logistics halls and industrial plants. „Far too few roofs of commercial properties are used for solar energy. The potential is still huge in Germany.“ While the expansion of solar systems on private houses and also on open spaces is currently increasing significantly, relatively little is being done on commercial buildings. Too little, since their potential for energy generation is immense. There are a good 21 million commercial buildings in Germany, compared to a good 19 million residential buildings. And the roof areas of commercial buildings are on average significantly larger than those of residential buildings, probably by a factor of 7 to 10, according to estimates; there are no concrete figures. wiwo.de
Climate activists quarrel and new actions: The climate protection movement Fridays for Future accuses the activists of the Last Generation of dividing society with their protest actions. Commuters were particularly affected by blockades in Hamburg, „who can neither afford to live in the centre of Hamburg, nor can they take public transport due to the lack of expansion. A similar situation is to be feared in Berlin.“ For good reason, he said, Fridays for Future has always relied on other forms of protest. Starting Monday, 24 April, the Last generationBerlin plans to peacefully bring Berlin to a standstill through street blockades, and next Sunday a rally is planned at the Brandenburg Gate in the afternoon. Meanwhile, in protest, climate activists in Berlin graffitied the FDP headquarters and stormed the posh Adlon Hotel. There were dozens of arrests – and heavy criticism from politicians. berliner-zeitung.de . tagesspiegel.de
German Federal Foundation for the Environment urges as much and as fast action as possible: The German Federal Foundation for the Environment considers fatalism in times of climate change to be a completely wrong signal. „There is never a ‚too late‘ in climate protection. But the less we do, the more serious the crisis will be,“ said Secretary General Alexander Bonde. Climate change, with its consequences such as extreme weather and drought, has massive impacts on people, the environment and even the economy, he said. „The thesis that climate protection is too expensive is therefore simply absurd. No climate protection is much more expensive.“ Bonde believes it is possible that for individual goals such as limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees by 2100, the point of no return will be reached in the not too distant future. But even every tenth of the reduction makes an immense difference and decides the life prospects of millions of people. „Every step we take now is important and better than doing nothing. But that we need to do as much as we can, as quickly as possible, is equally clear.“ rnd.de
BOOK TIP OF THE WEEK:
Fleisch fürs Klima
A new look at species conservation, animal husbandry and sustainable nutrition
Eat meat? Yes, but in an environmentally friendly way! Some people eat it every day, others do without it altogether for environmental and animal welfare reasons. When it comes to meat, things quickly get emotional. There are many reasons to do without it: Intensive animal husbandry is ethically questionable, causes enormous environmental problems and high CO2 emissions. So are meat consumption and sustainability fundamentally mutually exclusive?
No, says Stefan Michel, especially not if you consider not only climate protection but also species conservation. He takes a differentiated look at the topic, dispels common myths and opens up a new perspective for a climate-friendly diet. oekom.de
Agriculture: Digital farming could bring about the ecological turnaround. capital.de
France: A new summer of drought could be imminent. zeit.de
Grid operators: Power supply secured even after nuclear phase-out. tagesschau.de
World Bank: In urgent need of reform. zdf.de
Wind industry: Looking for tens of thousands of new employees. spiegel.de
Cotton prices: How climate change makes tampons more expensive. n-tv.de
The seventeen goals magazine tells inspiring stories about how people move the world and shows how everyone can make a contribution to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
PODCAST OF THE WEEK:
How much everything is interconnected
Everything is connected to everything else – this becomes particularly clear when it comes to the climate crisis. How closely the interconnections are and how strong the influence of global warming is on every facet of life is examined in the exhibition „1.5 degrees. Interconnections of Life, Cosmos, Technology“ at the Kunsthalle Mannheim. The museum is showing over 200 works, including loans from all over the world and artworks created especially for the show. „1.5 Degrees“ is divided into several thematic areas and deals with living beings, activism and resources. The exhibition addresses the relationship between humans and animals, the cosmos in the sky and underwater, and various aspects of human impact on the earth, space and the oceans.
For the makers around curator Johan Holten, the aim of „1.5 degrees“ was not to find images for the climate crisis, but to show how much everything is actually interconnected. An example of this are the works by Emerson Pontes from Brazil, who grew up in the Amazon rainforest. „His childhood memory is: he has his feet in the dirt and around him are trees and forest,“ says Monopol editor-in-chief Elke Buhr in the new episode of our podcast „Art and Life“, which is about art’s reactions to the challenges of climate change. monopol-magazin.de
COMMENT OF THE WEEK:
Good choice! „Climate Terrorists“ is Unword of the Year
By Werner Eckert
„People who stick themselves in the street or throw mashed potatoes at art are not terrorists,“ says Werner Eckert, welcoming the choice of the Unword of the Year 2022: climate terrorists. People who stand up for the climate would thus be excessively criminalised. People who stick themselves on the street or throw mashed potatoes at pictures are not terrorists. Not even the people who break laws in Lützerath are terrorists. Even if I don’t share their methods and some of their statements: it’s all so far from terrorism. That is why it is right that „climate terrorists“ is branded as a dirty word.
The jury that does this rightly says: Unwords are created in use. And this term is used very often – not even in the well-known, classical media, but very much in the comments of the social media, at the regulars‘ tables of the present time. The aim is clear: to criminalise people who stand up for climate protection and to cast doubt on their cause. But it is a fact that man-made climate change is not a problem that can be solved. It also remains true that everything governments around the world do – including ours – is not nearly enough to solve the problem. Saying that and drawing attention to it is in any case legitimate. With the predominantly young people who claim the right to resist, we can and must argue about how this can be done in our society. And one may also question whether they are doing more good than harm to their cause, but all this does not justify defaming them as terrorists. Will there ever be an eco-RAF? I hope not, I don’t think so either. But even if there were, the distinction would still have to be made between the perpetrators going astray and the issue they are associated with. During the time of the Red Army Faction, the wave of terror in the 1970s, we have already seen that the justified manhunt for the perpetrators was accompanied by a hunt for so-called sympathisers – who were often just people with a different opinion. swr.de
E-fuels do not make sense for large-scale use in cars and trucks: cheaper alternatives, high energy requirements for production, questionable environmental balance and possible obstacle to the transport transition: The reasons against the use of synthetic fuels produced with electricity in cars and trucks are manifold. This is the conclusion of a new discussion paper by Fraunhofer ISI. It takes a critical stance, based on scientific findings, on the German government’s recent decision that e-fuels should play an important role in achieving climate neutrality in transport in the future. fair-economics.de E-fuels do not make sense for large-scale use in cars and trucks
Average price: 48,700 euros – E-cars still significantly more expensive than petrol cars: Car buyers in Germany can now choose from 78 fully electric models (BEV, battery electric vehicle). However, they are still much more expensive than comparable petrol cars, according to the Center of Automotive Management (CAM) in Bergisch Gladbach. „The average entry price of all 78 BEV models weighted by new registrations is 48,700 euros.“ n-tv.de
Climate protection through road transport: Transport Minister relies on trucks instead of trains: Transport Minister Wissing wants to achieve the climate targets by promoting transport on trunk roads. In doing so, he is counting on the progress of e-mobility and on electricity from renewable sources. In addition, a forecast by Wissing’s ministry shows that traffic on trunk roads will increase by 2051. According to this, there will still be a small increase on the railways and traffic on waterways will hardly increase at all. One more reason for Wissing to invest in road transport. t3n.de
How ships and aircraft became sustainable virtually overnight: The EU Commission wants to include ships and aircraft in the taxonomy and thus label them as sustainable investments. This is the „nail in the coffin“ for the credibility of the taxonomy, fear environmental associations. However, the last word has not yet been spoken. Investments in ships and aircraft would be considered climate-friendly according to the Commission’s will. The machines would have to be equipped with drives of the latest design, but would still be allowed to run on fossil fuels. „This would allow millions of euros to flow to some of Europe’s biggest polluters such as Airbus, Ryanair and MSC,“ transport NGO Transport and Environment (T&E) comments on the Commission’s decision. In fact, more than 90 per cent of the Airbus fleet complies with the Commission’s specifications. klimareporter.de
Provider: E-scooters cannot simply be banned. stern.de
How important Big Data is for mobility: Since a sustainable, i.e. environmentally and socially compatible, design of the transport or mobility sector is significantly influenced by digital processes based on the collection and processing of relevant information, mobility data and its use are very important. Reason enough for Huk-Coburg to initiate two studies on the „Big Data debate“ and on „Big Data in mobility“ on behalf of the Goslar Institute. „Digitisation means the use of data and algorithmic systems for new or improved processes, products and business models.“ This is the definition used by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWK) on its internet platform „de.digital“. „The hallmarks of digitalisation are the virtualisation and networking of the real world, the sharing of data and the platform-based organisation of value chains,“ it continues. „And the special thing about it is that data and data models … can be used by several actors at the same time and several times,“ the BMWK states. versicherungsmagazin.de
Hydrogen transport: Will LOHC be ready for the market? Up to now, hydrogen has been transported mainly via pipelines and trucks. However, the effort required for lorry transport in particular is enormous. And the liquefaction of hydrogen is also energy-intensive. However, both long-distance transport and storage are decisive keys to the development of the hydrogen economy and thus to the success of the energy transition. Feasibility studies, initial projects and partnerships by Honeywell or Hydrogenious around the hydrogen carrier Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) are becoming more concrete.LOHC stands for „Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers“ and refers to liquid organic compounds that can absorb and release hydrogen through chemical reaction. LOHCs can therefore be used as storage media for hydrogen. The invention of LOHC is attributed to the German cleantech company Hydrogenious and its founders, who come from the scientific community. cleanthinking.de
Hoegh is going green: the names „Höegh Esperanza“ and „Höegh Gannet“ are now well known in Germany. They are the Floating Storage and Regasification Units (FSRUs), which function as floating LNG import terminals in Wilhelmshaven and Brunsbüttel. In cooperation with the Finnish technology group Wärtsilä and other project partners, the Norwegian shipping company Höegh LNG now wants to develop a floating ammonia terminal to improve the availability of large storage and transport capacities and to enable the reconversion of ammonia into hydrogen at the destination. thb.info
Study: Energy-intensive industry plans decarbonisation through climate-friendly produced hydrogen: Hydrogen produced with low CO2 emissions is emerging as one of the most promising tools for decarbonising industries with previously high emissions. A new study by Capgemini Research Institute titled „Low-Carbon Hydrogen – A Path to a Greener Future“ shows that 62 per cent of companies in energy-intensive industries are looking into switching to low-CO2 produced hydrogen. On average, energy and utility companies expect climate-friendly hydrogen to cover 18 percent of total final energy consumption by 2050. Along the hydrogen value chain, they are investing in particular in the development of the hydrogen infrastructure, in economical electrolysers and fuel cells. Study
Hydrogen trains instead of diesel locomotives? Especially in the transport sector, CO2 must be saved – Deutsche Bahn sees the greatest potential in hydrogen trains. However, they need their own infrastructure. And the development of the trains is still in its infancy. tagesschau.de
Exploration for new hydrogen storage facilities: In order to be able to store the hydrogen needed for the energy transition on a large scale, the cavern operator Storag Etzel wants to develop a new cavern field in the north-west of Lower Saxony. To this end, a salt dome in the districts of Wittmund and Friesland is to be explored in the coming years following official approval, as company representatives from Storag Etzel and the district administrators of the two districts announced on Wednesday evening in Wittmund, East Frisia. heise.de
How wind in the sails could become hydrogen: Oceanergy wants to produce green hydrogen particularly cheaply – because you could harvest wind around the clock. An astronaut from Reutlingen is enthusiastic about the idea. According to Oceanergy, it could deliver hydrogen to terminals at a price of two euros per kilogram. For offshore wind farms, a kilogram costs between five and six euros, the start-up says. For two euros, hydrogen could be produced from photovoltaic panels in the desert. However, the transport costs would have to be added to this. stuttgarter-zeitung.de
LAST WEEK IN THE BUNDESTAG:
Action Programme for Natural Climate Protection: The German government wants to invest more in the protection and renaturation of peatlands, floodplains and other ecosystems in order to slow down biodiversity loss and climate change at the same time. The corresponding Action Programme Natural Climate Protection (ANK) has now been presented as a briefing (20/6344). The Cabinet had approved the bill on 29 March 2023. The aim is to significantly improve the general condition of ecosystems in Germany and thus strengthen their resilience and climate protection performance, it says. The German government defines climate protection services as mitigation, adaptation as well as the removal of climate-damaging greenhouse gas emissions from the atmosphere. Nature on land and in the sea is to be better protected and made more resilient in order to contribute to national climate protection goals in the long term – and at the same time serve as a habitat for endangered animal and plant species. In the course of this, the programme also envisages making agriculture and forestry sustainable and bringing natural climate protection measures more in line with the expansion of renewable energies. The focus is on efforts to preserve intact peatlands and soils, forests, floodplains and bodies of water, as they are able to store carbon particularly effectively – an important contribution to climate protection.
Government to present circular economy strategy in 2024: The National Circular Economy Strategy (NKWS) agreed upon by the federal government in the coalition agreement is to be drawn up by spring 2024 and adopted by the cabinet. This is stated in an answer of the Federal Government (20/6264) to a minor question of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group (20/6063). Stakeholder participation began in April, and various dialogue formats, including online surveys to involve the affected companies and associations, are planned until the end of 2023, writes the Federal Government. A cabinet decision on the strategy is planned for the second quarter of 2024. In response to the question of what concrete measures it is planning for the „step-by-step transformation of the plastics industry“, the Federal Government refers, among other things, to the „Decarbonisation in Industry“ funding programme, with which it supports the energy-intensive (basic materials) industry in developing and investing in innovative climate protection technologies to avoid process-related greenhouse gas emissions. Whether the use of biomass and CO2 from carbon capture and utilisation, CCU for short, could be considered as a supplement to the circular economy strategy in addition to plastic recyclates, as the Union wanted to know further, is left open by the federal government. This also applies to a possible future equal treatment of chemical recycling processes with recognised mechanical processes.
Savings potentials and data protection in the smart meter rollout: The answer of the Federal Government (20/6226) to a small question of the AfD parliamentary group (20/5954) deals with the savings potentials through intelligent energy meters (smart meters). According to this, the European Commission continuously publishes benchmarking reports on so-called smart metering in the European context. The energy saving potential (electrical energy) for final consumers (i.e. end users such as private households, commercial enterprises and other consumers) is stated to be between 5.42 and 7.85 per cent. Furthermore, the government states that dynamic electricity tariffs help to shift electricity purchases to cheaper times with a high share of generation from renewable energies. The actual price development for end consumers therefore depends to a large extent on the possibility to react to these price fluctuations and to make consumption more flexible. Especially for households with larger flexible consumption devices such as charging points, heat pumps or storage units, there is a large savings potential due to the greater shifting potential.
First of all, there is the very high water consumption that occurs when coffee beans are grown and processed: Our cup of morning coffee not only consumes the 200 millilitres that fit into the cup, but the so-called „water footprint“ is 140 litres – per cup. Another problem: the global demand for coffee has become so great that coffee plants are now mostly grown in monocultures. However, coffee plants actually need shade-giving trees, and these mixed cultures would be very good for bio-diversity.
Ingo Fischer, swr environmental editor, …the exact opposite is the case with pure coffee plantations: so that the plants can still thrive there, highly toxic pesticides and herbicides have to be used, among other things. Many of these have long been banned in European fields for good reason, but our thirst for coffee ensures that these poisons can continue to destroy the environment elsewhere in the world. Even worse is the destruction of primeval forests for new coffee plantations. And according to Ökotest, even organic labels unfortunately still cannot rule this out. Coffee is the largest source of income in many developing countries. According to estimates, coffee cultivation feeds about 25 million families worldwide. But it often does so very badly. The smallest part of what we pay for coffee in the supermarket or in the restaurant trade reaches the coffee farmers. If the world market price for coffee beans falls, this can ruin the farmers if they cannot rely on a minimum purchase price. Child labour on the plantations is still an unsolved problem in some countries. And the pesticides used not only damage the environment, but also the health of the plantation workers. swr1.de
Germany expels Chadian ambassador: On Tuesday, the Federal Foreign Office announced the expulsion of Chadian Ambassador Mariam Ali Moussa, who has headed the Chadian Embassy in Berlin since 2018. This is the reaction of the German government and the Federal Foreign Office to the expulsion of the German ambassador to Chad, Jan-Christian Gordon Kricke, who was declared persona non grata by the military government in N’Djamena on Good Friday and had to leave the central African country within 48 hours.
African tourism is on the road to recovery: current figures from the analysis tool Forwardkeys show that African destinations are more popular again. However, the recovery curve for 2022 is very different between South Africa (-49%) and Tanzania (+4%) measured against the pre-crisis level. reisevor9.de
The most dangerous lake in the world: Lake Victoria in Africa harbours numerous dangers. According to research by the African „National Lake Rescue Institute“, the lake is probably the most dangerous body of water in the world, measured by the number of fatalities per square kilometre. stern.de
Russia – increasingly isolated, but a beacon of hope in Africa: In Burkina Faso, what happened before in African states such as Central Africa or Mali is currently taking place: The French are being shown the door, Russian mercenaries from the Wagner Group are taking over security tasks and being paid with licences for mineral resources. Why the cooperation could nevertheless not last long. n-tv.de
Skills shortage in Germany: IT professionals from Africa step in: Companies train young Africans to become IT experts, also for the German market. This reduces the shortage of skilled workers and gives young people prospects in their home countries. According to economist Eckhardt Bode of the Kiel Institute for the World Economy, this model should set a precedent: The African continent offers great potential to reduce the shortage of labour in Germany, he said in an interview with DW. Be it by outsourcing work that cannot be done in Germany because of the lack of labour, as practised by the company AmaliTech, or by the immigration of skilled workers from Africa, Bode said. dw.com
Rich people’s swimming pools drive urban water crisis, study says: The swimming pools, well-watered gardens and clean cars of the rich are at least as damaging to urban water crises as climate emergency or population growth, according to an analysis. The Guardian reports on this, referring to a study published in nature sustainability over Easter. In the search for solutions to water scarcity, the huge difference in water consumption between rich and poor citizens has been largely overlooked, the researchers say. The only way to protect water supplies, they say, is to redistribute water resources more evenly. fair-economics.de
Exorbitant sea level rise: The superposition of several phenomena led to dramatic values in the Gulf of Mexico and in the West and North Atlantic. For the Atlantic around Europe, a study predicts an increase of around one metre by the turn of the century compared to pre-industrial levels. Perhaps even worse is likely to hit the southeast of the USA, as a recent study now suggests. Measurements over the past decades have shown that the rate of sea rise on the southeast coast and the Gulf coasts of the United States has accelerated rapidly over the past twelve years and is now reaching record-breaking levels. According to the figures published in the scientific journal „Nature Communications“, the sea level had risen by more than one centimetre every year since 2010. derstandard.at , original study
What is the impact of wind turbines on birdlife? Wind farms in the North Sea are important for energy production, but they can be dangerous for animals: Where there are wind turbines, there are fewer loons, according to researchers. This also has an effect on other places. Offshore wind turbines have a negative impact on loon populations, according to a study. These include the fish-eating water birds stern and black-throated divers. This is the conclusion of a study published in the journal „Scientific Reports“ by a team from the West Coast Research and Technology Centre at Kiel University. According to the study, the birds almost completely disappeared from the immediate vicinity of the wind turbines. „The population of loons decreased by 94 percent within a radius of one kilometre around the wind turbines and by 54 percent within a radius of ten kilometres,“ the researchers said. According to the study, no other seabirds showed such a significant negative reaction. spiegel.de
From the 3D printer: How fast and flexible solar energy can be printed. fair-economics.de
Sustainability in the office: How we will work more climate-neutrally in future. business-punk.com
Indonesia has what Germany needs: Large quantities of nickel for battery production. German companies sound out their chances – and meet top dog China.n-tv.de
Hearing on the decriminalisation of „containerising
The Legal Affairs Committee of the German Bundestag will deal with the topic of „Decriminalising the Containerisation of Food“ in a public hearing on Monday, 17 April 2023. Containerising“ is when discarded food is taken out of supermarket bins. The hearing is based on a draft bill by the parliamentary group Die Linke (204421). The hearing will begin at 4.30 pm. According to the current list of experts, seven experts will comment on the draft. The session will be broadcast live on parliamentary television and on bundestag.de. Further information on the hearing, the list of experts and their comments (as received) on bundestag.de: https://www.bundestag.de/dokumente/textarchiv/2023/kw16-pa-recht-containern-941078
Allegedly Germany’s shortest flight route does not exist at all
In a study, Greenpeace examines the extent of climate-damaging private flights in Europe. The study also mentions a short flight route of around 15 kilometres in Germany. According to a report, however, this does not exist. The shortest private flight route in Germany is said to run between Stuttgart and neighbouring Böblingen. This was the result of a study commissioned by Greenpeace at the end of March on the extent of climate-damaging private flights in Europe. According to the study, the route is only 14.82 kilometres long. From a climate perspective, of course, this is a no-go. The shorter the flight, the more damaging it is to the climate. According to the news channel „ntv“, however, there is neither an airport nor an airfield in Böblingen. Although there used to be an airport in the city, it has not been in operation since the 1950s. focus.de
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